Surname Origins & Meaning

 

The history and origin of a name can be a fascinating aid to family researchers. The country, town or occupation of the individual was often incorporated into the family name and in some families, it was traditional to continue this practice with a range of adjustments!

In some countries it was (and still is) traditional to combine the surnames of both spouses. In the UK, this invariably produces a double barrelled surname (i.e., Turner and Smythe may become Turner-Smythe), but in other countries like Italy, it was more common to combine just a few elements of the name, so Bacci and Amarelli could become Bacciarelli.

Newcomers to the world of geneology, will soon discover errors, mis-translations, or alternative spelling of names on even the most official documentation, so wherever possible, a list of alternate name spellings plus the meaning and origin of the surname will be provided. Please note: Due to lack of time, only surnames which appear in our family tree will be included here. This information was gathered via searches on the internet and therefore cannot be considered as reliable.

  • Bacciarelli

  • Bathurst - Spelling variations include: Bathurst, Bathirst, Bothurst, Bethurst, Bothirst, Bathurrst, Bathurste, Bathurstt, Baithurst, Beathurst, Baathurst, Bauthurst, Bathearst, Bathearste and many more.

  • Baxter = Baker (English)

  • Burton = Bright Fame (English)

  • Clement, Clements, Clement, Clemens Clemen = Merciful (French) - Spelling variations include: Clements, Clement, Clemens, Climer and others. First found in Oxfordshire, where the clements family was seated from very early times

  • Dadd, Dodd, Dod, Dot, Dodds, Dods (Welsh) - First found in Cheshire where they were seated from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

  • Dun, Dunn, Dunne, Dun, O'Dunne, O'Doyne, Doine, Doin, O'Dunn = Brown (Irish, Scottish & English). The name Dunne in Ireland is derived from the O'Duinn and the O'Doinn Gaelic Septs who were based in County Laoise and County Wicklow. It is in these Counties that the majority of descendants can still be found.

  • Fears, Fear, Fere (English) - First found in Middlesex where they were seated from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

  • Frier, Freer, Fryer, Friar, Frere (English & German) - First found in Lothian where they were seated from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

  • Gammage, Gamage, Gamadge, Cammidge, Gammidge, Camidge, Cammish, Camish (English). First found in Hertford where they were seated from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

  • Gilmore, Gilmour, Gilmor, Gilmer, Gilmoore (Scottish) - First found in Ayrshire where they were seated from very ancient times, but were originally from Trierman in the parish of Walton in Cumberland

  • Hobden, Hobday, Hobdey, Hobaday, Hobeday, Obday, Obdey - First found in Kent where they were anciently seated . The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066.

  • Howard, Howerd = Guardian of the Home (Teutonic) - First found in Cumberland where they were seated from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

  • King, Kings (English) - First found in Devonshire, where the king family held a seat from very early times.

  • Knight, Knights, Night, Nite (English) - First found in Suffolk where they were seated from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

  • Lloyd = Gray (Welsh)

  • Paul = Small (Latin)

  • Peffer, Peffers, Peifors, Pyfors, Pyphers, Peppar, Pepper, Peever - The surname was commonly found in Scotland and could have been given to someone who lived on or from either of two burns named Peffers in East Lothian. It may have originated from Old English Pipor or Piper meaning Pepper, Pepperer or Spicer, or from the Welsh Pefre meaning pure and beautiful. Other forms may come from Europe, either France (Pivre, Payvre, Peyvrier, Pevrier), Germany (variant of Pfeffer) or Italy. Early examples of the name include Peivre, Peper and Pepper in the Court Rolls of Essex and Cambridgeshire and the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk. A Coat of Arms was granted to the Pepper family of Thurmaston, Leicestershire depicting three gold demi lions rampant and three black sickles placed alternately on the silver chevron of a red shield. Peffers Family Crest

  • Rogers, Roger, Rodger, Rodgers (English) - First found in Cornwall where they were seated from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

  • Rooney = Red-Haired (Irish) - Derived from the native Gaelic O'Ruanaidh Sept that was located in County Down in the North of the country. The name is sometimes used as an alternative to Mulrooney and it has also been adopted by members of the O'Runaidhin Sept of County Leitrim who more usually changed their name to Rooneen or Roonian.

  • Tomes, Toomie, O'Toomie, Twomey, O'Twomey, Twomy, O'Twomy, Twony, Toomey, O'Toomey, Toomy, O'Toomy, Twomie, O'Twomie, Twome, O'Twome, Toomee, O'Toomee, Tome, O'Tome, Thomey, O'Thomey, Thoume, O'Thoume, Thomey, O'Thomey, Tumey, O'Tumey, Tumee (Irish, Czech, English). First found in county Cork where they held a family seat from very ancient times.



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